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What Was The Name Of The First International Agreement On Climate Change

However, the Kyoto Protcol targets are being challenged by climate change deities, who condemn strong scientific evidence of the human impact on climate change. An eminent scholar believes that these climate change deniers are “good” in violation of Roussau`s idea of the social contract, which is an implicit agreement between members of a society to coordinate efforts in the name of general social utility. The movement to reject climate change is hampering efforts to reach an agreement on climate change as a global collective society. [139] The text of the Framework Convention was drawn up at the meeting of an Intergovernmental Negotiation Committee (ITC) held in New York from April 30 to May 9, 1992. The convention was adopted on 9 May 1992 and was opened for signature on 4 June 1992 at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCES) in Rio de Janeiro (known as the Earth Summit). [8] On 12 June 1992, 154 nations signed the UNFCCC, which, once ratified, required signatory governments to reduce atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases, with the aim of “preventing dangerous anthropogenic intervention in the Earth`s climate system.” This commitment would require a substantial reduction in greenhouse gas emissions (see the following section entitled “Stabilization of Greenhouse Gas Concentrations”). [5] [3] The parties to the convention have met annually since 1995 at the Conferences of the Parties (COP) to assess progress in the fight against climate change. [4] The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international environmental treaty on climate change negotiated and signed by 154 states at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNFCCC), informally as a Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, June 3-14, 1992 in Rio de Janeiro. It established a secretariat based in Bonn and came into force on 21 March 1994. [1] The Kyoto Protocol, signed in 1997 and entered into force in 2005, was the first extension of the UNFCCC. It was replaced by the Paris Agreement, which came into force in 2016.

[2] Starting in 2020, the UNFCCC has 197 signatories. Its supreme decision-making body, the Conference of the Parties (COP), meets annually to assess progress in the fight against climate change. [3] [4] CFR`s World101 Library explains everything you can learn about climate change. As part of the Cancun Agreements, developed and developing countries submitted mitigation plans to the UNFCCC. [39] [40] These plans are developed as part of the Bali Action Plan. Ahead of the 2015 UN climate change conference, National Geographic Magazine added: “Since 1992, when nations around the world agreed in Rio de Janeiro to avoid “dangerous anthropogenic attacks on the climate system,” they have met 20 times without moving the needle on carbon emissions. During this break, we added almost as much carbon to the atmosphere as we did in the last century. [85] Since May 2013, 191 countries and a regional economic organization (EC) have ratified the agreement, representing more than 61.6% of Schedule I emissions for 1990. [97] One of the 191 ratifying countries, Canada, has relinquished the protocol. Starting in 2020, the United States is the only signatory that has not ratified the protocol. [104] In 1990, the United States accounted for 36% of emissions. For the treaty to enter into force without ratification by the United States, it would require a coalition including the EU, Russia, Japan and smaller parties.

During the Bonn climate talks (COP-6.5) in 2001, an agreement was reached without the US government. [105] The national emissions targets set by the Kyoto Protocol exclude international air and sea transport.

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