Car Peace Agreement
“The first anniversary of the peace agreement in the Central African Republic tomorrow must be another opportunity to redouble efforts to protect the civilian population from violence and bring to justice those responsible for crimes under international law. So far, the agreement has paid some dividends. It has renewed international attention to the Car and diplomats united behind a unique mediation effort. The involvement of neighbours, particularly Chad, in the talks and in a committee set up to monitor the implementation of the agreement could prompt them to convince armed groups that recruit and deliver in their countries to control abuses. Since a few years ago these groups demanded amnesty and threatened to march on Bangui, it was an achievement to bring them to the table. The AU Commission, as an architect and a member of the National Executive Oversight Committee, could play an important role. So far, it has strengthened its presence in Bangui to support the implementation of the agreement. But the view of the government of public communities and many Bangui residents that the AU has been excessively lenient towards armed groups – particularly during the late March negotiations in Addis Ababa – could hinder their future engagement. By cooperating with the government to define and define benchmarks for compliance with the agreement and by debating these agreements with armed groups, the AU could both improve its relations with Bangui and use its contacts with armed groups to make it clear that progress is needed. The AU should also improve communication between its Bangui and Addis offices in order to strengthen coordination and better inform the country`s officials about what is happening in the country, and local people receive full support.
In a sign of hope after years of conflict, the rebels and the government of the Central African Republic have reached a peace agreement. About 1.2 million people have lost their homes as a result of interfaith fighting. (02.02.2019) In early September 2019, in the northern city of Birao (CAR), the Movement of Central African Justice (MLCJ) and the Central African Renaissance People`s Front (FPRC) clashed for at least the second time this year.
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