Allahabad Agreement 1765
The important result of the Battle of Buxar was the Treaty of Allahabad, signed on 16 August 1765 between Lord Clive and Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II, who had submitted to the British in battle. Under this contract: 7. It is firmly committed to restoring its sovereignty over the land of Banara and the other districts which are now leased by Bulwant Sing, despite the granting of these rights by THE KING to English society; It is therefore agreed that they will be ceded to Her Majesty in the following way, viz. They remain in the hands of the English company with its revenues, until the expiry of the agreement between Rajah Bulwant Sing and the company on 27 November; Subsequently, its sovereignty was taken into possession, with the exception of the chunar fortress, which was not to be evacuated until the 6th article of the treaty was fully respected. The Treaty of Allahabad was signed on August 12, 1765 and was one of the turning points in Indian history. This event marked the emergence of Britain`s political presence in the Indian subcontinent. The East India Company, founded in 1600 AD, received a solid base in India. Before the signing of this contract, the EIC had only a strong commercial relationship with the Indian emperors. Fort William, September 30, 1765. A real copy. ALEXANDER CAMPBELL `Source: William Bolts, considerations on India Affairs; In particular, in accordance with the current State of the Dependencies of Bengal (1772), Appendix XVII: “Copy of the new agreement or contract between Nabob Najim al Dowlah, Nabob Sujah al Dowlah, EMPEROR SHAH ALLUM and Lord Clive and the Secret Committee of Calcutta; after the cancellation of all previous contracts and the new modeling of the company`s business, confirming the Dewannee. Dated August 16, 1765.
The treaty marked political and constitutional participation and the beginning of British rule in India.  On the basis of the terms of the agreement, Alam granted rights to the East Indian company Diwani or the right to collect taxes on behalf of the emperor of the eastern province of Bengal-Bihar-Orissa. These rights enabled the company to raise income directly from the inhabitants of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. In return, the company paid an annual tribute to 26 rolled lakhs (or 260,000 pounds) during the safeguarding for Shah Alam II the districts of Kora and Allahabad. The tribute money paid to the emperor was for the maintenance of the imperial court of Allahabad. The agreement also dictated that Shah Alam should be repatriated to Varanasi province as long as he could continue to pay certain revenue to the company. Awadh was brought back to Shuja-ud-Daulah, but Allahabad and Kora were taken from him. Awadh Shuja ud Daulah`s Nawab also had to pay fifty Lakh rupees to the East India Company for war compensation. The year 2015 marked 250 years of Allahabad`s contract. August 17, 1765 signed between the emperor of mogul Shah Alam II and Robert Clive following the Battle of Buxar. With this contract, the East India Company gained a solid political base in India. Before the treaty, the British had only a strong trade relationship with Indian leaders.
This treaty was one of the factors that led them to rule India for two centuries. On October 22, 1764, Emperor Shah Alam II, son of the late Emperor Alamgir II, and Robert Clive, of the East India Company, signed after the Battle of Buxar on October 22, 1764.
Categorised as: 未分类